文章摘要
郑琳姗,张秀玲,李惠雨,刘远峰,李从举.微生物燃料电池技术及其影响因素研究进展[J].精细化工,2021,38(1):
微生物燃料电池技术及其影响因素研究进展
Research progress of microbial fuel cell technology and influencing factors
投稿时间:2020-07-03  修订日期:2020-08-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 微生物燃料电池  产电性能  构型优化  氧化代谢  有机质
英文关键词: Microbial fuel cell  Electricity generation performance  Configuration optimization  Oxidative metabolism  Organic matter
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51973015 );北京市自然科学基金项目(2202029);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(06500100, 06121062);中国博士后科学基金项目(2019M660019);北京市青年人才托举工程项目。
作者单位E-mail
郑琳姗 北京科技大学 1335147569@qq.com 
张秀玲 北京科技大学  
李惠雨 北京科技大学  
刘远峰 北京科技大学  
李从举 北京科技大学 congjuli@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      工业的快速发展导致环境和能源问题严重威胁生态平衡,因此采用节能技术处理环境污染具有重要意义。微生物燃料电池(Microbial fuel cell, MFC)作为一种绿色能源技术,通过微生物的氧化代谢作用将废水中的有机质降解的同时产生电能。然而,目前相对较低的产电效率限制了MFC的工业化应用。MFC的性能受到多方面因素的影响,如设备的构型限制、电极材料对胞外电子传递效率及氧催化还原反应的影响,底物的成分、质子交换膜的成本等因素。优化MFC的设计,提高MFC的产电性能,降低投入成本可解决MFC产业化应用的弊端。通过分析电池构型、电极材料、阳极微生物及质子交换膜,综述了影响产电性能的主要因素及其解决措施,并对未来MFC的发展方向进行展望,为推动MFC技术的运用提供理论基础。
英文摘要:
      The rapid development of industry has caused serious environmental and energy problems that threaten the ecological balance. Therefore, it is of great significance to adopt energy-saving technologies to deal with environmental pollution. As a green energy technology, Microbial fuel cell (MFC) generates electricity by degrading organic matter in wastewater through the oxidative metabolism of microorganisms. However, the current relatively low power generation efficiency limits the industrial application of MFC. The performance of MFC is affected by many factors, such as the configuration limitation of the device, the influence of the electrode material on the extracellular electron transfer yield and the oxygen catalytic reduction reaction, the composition of the substrate, and the cost of the proton exchange membrane. Optimizing the design of MFC, improving the power generation performance of MFC, and reducing the input cost can solve the shortcomings of MFC industrial application. By analyzing the battery configuration, electrode materials, anode microorganisms and proton exchange membrane, the main factors affecting the power generation performance and their solutions are summarized, and the future development direction of MFC is prospected to provide a theoretical basis for promoting the application of MFC technology.
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